OTTO BARTNING

Otto Bartning (1883-1959).

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THE GREAT ST. MARTIN CHURCH

The Great Saint Martin Church is a Romanesque Catholic church in Cologne, Germany. Its foundations (circa 960 AD) rest on remnants of a Roman chapel, built on what was then an island in the Rhine. The church was later transformed into a Benedictine monastery. The current buildings, including a soaring crossing tower that is a landmark of Cologne’s Old Town, were erected between 1150-1250. The church was badly damaged in World War II; restoration work was completed in 1985.

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NASIR AL-MULK MOSQUE

The Nasir al-Mulk Mosque  is a traditional mosque in Shiraz, Iran. It was built from 1876 to 1888, by the order of Mirzā Hasan Ali (Nasir ol Molk), a Qajar ruler. The designers were Mohammad Hasan-e-Memār, an Iranian architect, and Mohammad Rezā Kāshi-Sāz-e-Širāzi.

nasir-al-mulk-mosqueNasir al-Mulk Mosque, (aka the Pink Mosque) Shiraz, Iran. Builtnasir-al-mulk-mosque1nasir-al-mulk-mosque2nasir-al-mulk-mosque3nasir-al-mulk-mosque4Columns, Carpets , Colors and the Light

WAVERLEY ABBEY

Waverley Abbey was the first Cistercian abbey in England. It was founded in 1128 by William Giffard, Bishop of Winchester.

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In July 1201 the abbey was flooded “and all but carried away” by a storm which caused the abbey’s crops to fail. The abbey was rebuilt during the 13th-century, and much of the remains visible today date from this period.

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The site was excavated by the Surrey Archaeological society between 1890 and 1903, and the ruins restored in 1966. (Photo below: 1895).

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waverley-abbey2waverley-abbey3waverley-abbey4Waverley Abbey N900002The Nave at St Augustine's Abbey J990018

TRIFRON

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The trifron, or more precisely, vultus trifrons is a visual representation of three faces in one, so that these three faces share four eyes. The meaning of this representation is mostly unclear – in most cases it is an artistic play.

In the history of art numerous examples are found and still preserved in the Romans and Celts, but also in Romanesque and high-Gothic churches. A few medieval frescoes with a clear reference to the Christian Trinity are also known: for example, in the church of San Nicola (Giornico) from the 15th century and in the St. Peter’s Basilica in Basel dating from the time around 1400.

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